Russia Day, or Day of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Russia, as this festival was called until 2002 – is one of the “young” of public holidays in the country. June 12, 2001, speaking in the Kremlin at a reception on the occasion of the adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Russia, President Vladimir V. Putin said that “With this document the beginning of our modern history has begun. The history of a democratic state based on civil liberties and the rule of law. And its main point – it is a success, prosperity and welfare of citizens. “
In 1994 the first Russian President Boris Yeltsin issued a decree which gave the government value to June 12 – Day of the adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Russia. The document itself was signed four years earlier at the first Congress of People’s Deputies at a time when the former Soviet republics, one after another became independent. Later, for simplicity, it became known as simply the Independence Day. By the way, June 12 in addition to the “independence” Russia has gained the first popularly elected President. In any case, this day was interpreted by people in different ways. The first attempt to create a major national holiday, which would have marked the origin of the modern history of Russia, looked a little awkward. Population-based surveys of those years clearly showed a complete lack of understanding of the Russians essence of this holiday. For most of June 12th was just another day off, when people can go somewhere on vacation, or to the country to work in the orchard. At first, many have tried even to get to work. In cities of Russia, of course, there were mass celebrations, but they were of no so special meaning.
In a speech in 1998, Boris Yeltsin tried to stop once and forever all rumors about June 12, suggested it to celebrate as the Day of Russia.Officially, the new name of holiday was adopted on February 1, 2002, when the new Labour Code entered into force. Now Russia Day – a holiday of freedom, civil peace and the good agreement of all the people on the basis of law and justice. This festival is a symbol of national unity and shared responsibility for the present and the future of Russia.