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Mexico City Facts, 5 USEFUL Localisms for Visiting

Some Mexico City facts are that Mexico City has become one of the most important cities in the world and a center for Latin American businesses. In addition to its importance in the financial world, it attracts thousands of tourists from around the world.

Mexico City’s mix of urban life, amazing architecture, and archaeological sites, make this city undeniably appealing to tourists from all over the globe. Through the ages this city has accumulated a rich culture with diverse heritages, and the resulting term that identifies the people residing within Mexico City: chilango.

5 Localisms to Know to Get Through Mexico City

Mexico City Facts – What Does Chilango Mean?

Chilango is a connotative word that changes its meaning depending on who says it. If you speak with someone outside Mexico City this person would probably tell you it refers to people born there, and will probably use it on a derogatory manner. On the other hand, the city’s inhabitants will probably tell you that the real chilangos are those people who moved into the city from rural areas.

Regardless of differences of opinion as to who is the real chilango, anyone who lives in Mexico City will eventually find himself labeled as a chilango. Life in the city has become an emblem of opportunities, state-of-the-art lifestyles, jobs, and cultural richness.

Mexico City facts

The Different Meanings of Chingar

I could write an essay on this word alone and because of its different connotations it should never be taken lightly. Depending on the tone and use, the meaning can change abysmally from crass to casual.

You can find out more about the meaning of this word in the book “Solitude Labyrinth” written by Octavio Paz. Following are some of it uses:

  • To express surprise: ¡Ah, chingar!
  • It can be used to describe something as cool: a car can be chingón and a movie can be chingona (feminine form). It also has variables to express different levels of coolness: chingonsón, chingonsísimo or even una chingonería are used to express how much we like something.
  • To reach something: it is said ya chingó when someone achieves something, for example, if you get into college or win a trial, you: ya chingaste.
  • On the other hand, if you use a pronoun between ya and chingó, for example; ya se chingó or ya me chingué; it acquires the opposite meaning, it’s now about something getting broken or messed up with.
  • To express annoyance: sometimes when you are in that mutual bullying friendship relation it’s all about chingar or being

More Mexico City Facts



Like chingón, chido can be used to describe something as cool or nice but with a little less emphasis.



You might have learned that agua is the Spanish word for water. However that it’s not the whole truth, at least not when you use it on its plural form and it takes its warning usage, Aguas is not about someone asking for water, sailing or getting wet, it’s about being on the verge of danger, so if you hear it on your trip please be sharp and fast and stop searching for the water.



This will probably be one of the words you will hear the most during a trip in Mexico and its meaning is totally related to the tone you use. It’s actually an easy one since it doesn’t have variations and it’s rarely offensive to someone.

It’s usually used to refer to a friend, very similar to pal, dude or guy, and it can also be used to call something or someone dumb on a soft way or to express surprise: ¡Ay, wey!



This is probably one of the hardest words to understand when dealing with a Mexican since it can be just an expression of surprise; the number of “o’s” measures the surprise: óooooorale = very surprised. A way to say yes or to agree on something, a bold órale would do it.

It’s also a way to rush someone to do something; the amount of “e’s” is proportional to the level of urgency: óraleeeee = very urgent).


Please, keep in mind that these words only represent just a few of the connotative words and their daily usage. In addition, you should remember that these are all very informal words and shouldn’t be used on workplaces or a classroom.

Take into consideration that Mexicans are usually playing with language and using double meaning sentences, so, if you wish to fully understand Mexican slangs, you should learn the basics first.

For this, I would like to recommend Wlingua, an online Spanish learning course that will help you start getting in touch with this language through a fun and complete app and a constant release of new content through its different tools, to keep you in touch with fun facts and specialized content for different purposes. From golfing to traveling, Wlingua will help you reach your goal, anywhere, anytime.

These 5 localisms to know to get through Mexico City are a good selection of Mexico city facts that will help you to understand the way the city and its people tick during your trip.

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gloHoliday Team

gloHoliday is a platform where you can find complete resources for traveling all over the world. Including engaging content on holiday destinations, festivals, public holidays, hotel booking, flight information and travel guides and tips.

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